The growing rates of infertility and secondary infertility (infertility after a woman has had one child) can be attributed to many things, but many medical experts and researchers are reluctant to name surgical abortion as a possible causal factor.
It’s unlikely that having an abortion will affect your fertility. However, some research suggests a possible link between abortion and an increased risk of:
- Vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy
- Preterm birth
- Low birth weight
- Placenta previa — when the placenta partially or completely covers the cervix, which can cause severe bleeding before or during delivery.
Millions of women are infertile today due to several past abortions they have had which have caused one issue or the other to their reproductive system.
During a medical abortion, a woman takes oral medications in early pregnancy to abort the fetus. During a surgical abortion, the fetus is removed from the uterus — typically with a vacuum device, a syringe or a spoon-shaped instrument with a sharp edge (curette) — as an outpatient surgical procedure. Rarely, a surgical abortion can damage the cervix or uterus. In such cases, surgery might be needed to correct the damage before a woman can conceive again.
Complications Of An Abortion
A number of women have complications, such as:
- A severe infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Damage to the womb (uterus)
Complications such as these can affect fertility.
Infection After An Abortion
Taking antibiotics before an abortion may reduce your risk of infection. The healthcare professionals treating you will provide advice about taking antibiotics.
Most infections are easy to treat. However, an infection, such as PID, that’s not treated could lead to a more severe infection of your reproductive organs. This can cause infertility or an ectopic pregnancy (when a fertilised egg implants itself outside the womb).
Damage To The Womb During An Abortion
The risk of damage to the womb during an abortion is also real. There could also be damage to the cervix (the neck of the womb) and damage to the womb itself.
Damage to the cervix can make it weaker. If the cervix can’t stay tightly closed in a future pregnancy (cervical incompetence), this can increase the risk of miscarriage. However, cervical incompetence can be treated with an operation to put a small stitch of strong thread around your cervix to keep it closed.
If the womb is damaged during an abortion, it can cause scarring of the womb. It may be possible to remove the scarring with an operation.
When To Seek Medical Attention
You should seek medical help as soon as possible if you have:
- Pain in your lower stomach that doesn’t get better with pain relief medication
- Heavy bleeding
- A high temperature
If you have gained anything from reading this, don’t hesitate to share it with others too. Put your comments and questions or topics you will like us to write about in the comment box below.
Stay Healthy And Never Give Up!
Plan B Wellness Center
Tel – 08099666650
Email – firstname.lastname@example.org
Twitter – @planbwellness