Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), sometimes called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is the most common type of breast cancer. About 80% of all breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas. Invasive means that the cancer has “invaded” or spread to the surrounding breast tissues. Ductal means that the cancer began in the milk ducts, which are the “pipes” that carry milk from the milk-producing lobules to the nipple. Carcinoma refers to any cancer that begins in the skin or other tissues that cover internal organs — such as breast tissue. All together, “invasive ductal carcinoma” refers to cancer that has broken through the wall of the milk duct and begun to invade the tissues of the breast. Over time, invasive ductal carcinoma can spread to the lymph nodes and possibly to other areas of the body. Although invasive ductal carcinoma can affect women at any age, it is more common as women grow older. Invasive ductal carcinoma also affects men.
Signs and Symptoms of IDC
At first, invasive ductal carcinoma may not cause any symptoms. Often, an abnormal area turns up on a screening mammogram (X-ray of the breast), which leads to further testing. In some cases, the first sign of invasive ductal carcinoma is a new lump or mass in the breast that you or your doctor can feel. Any of the following unusual changes in the breast can be a first sign of breast cancer, including invasive ductal carcinoma:
- swelling of all or part of the breast
- skin irritation or dimpling
- breast pain
- nipple pain or the nipple turning inward
- redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
- a nipple discharge other than breast milk
- a lump in the underarm area
Diagnosis of IDC
Diagnosing invasive ductal carcinoma usually involves a combination of procedures, including a physical examination and imaging tests.
- Physical examination of the breasts: Your doctor may be able to feel a small lump in the breast during a physical examination. He or she also will feel the lymph nodes under the armpit and above the collarbone to see if there is any swelling or other unusual changes.
- Mammography: Invasive ductal carcinoma is usually found by mammography, a test that obtains X-ray images of the breast. Mammograms are used to screen apparently healthy women for early signs of breast cancer. One key feature of an invasive breast cancer is spiculated margins, which means that on the mammography film, the doctor sees an abnormality with finger-like projections coming out of it. These projections show the “invasion” of the cancer into other tissues. If a screening mammogram highlights an area of concern, additional mammograms often will be done to gather more information about that area. Mammography will be performed on both breasts.
- Ultrasound bounces sound waves off of the breast to obtain additional images of the tissue. Ultrasound is sometimes used in addition to mammography.
- Breast MRI: MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, uses magnetic fields, radio waves, and a computer to obtain images of tissues inside the body. In certain cases, a doctor may use breast MRI to gather more information about a suspicious area within the breast.
- Biopsy: If you do have a suspicious mammogram or other imaging test result, your doctor will probably want you to have a biopsy. A biopsy involves taking out some or all of the abnormal-looking tissue for examination by a pathologist (a doctor trained to diagnose cancer from biopsy samples) under a microscope. When possible, your doctor will usually use one of the quicker, less invasive approaches to biopsy:
- Fine needle aspiration biopsy involves inserting a very small, hollow needle into the breast. A sample of cells is removed and examined under the microscope. This method leaves no scars.
- Core needle biopsy inserts a larger needle into the breast to remove several cylinder-shaped samples of tissue from the area that looks suspicious. In order to get the core needle through the skin, the surgeon must make a tiny incision. This leaves a very tiny scar that is barely visible after a few weeks.
In cases where the doctor cannot feel the lump, he or she may need to use ultrasound or mammograms to guide the needle to the right location. You may hear this referred to as stereotactic needle biopsy or ultrasound-guided biopsy. If a needle biopsy is not able to remove cells or tissue, or it does not give definite results (inconclusive), a more involved biopsy may be necessary. These biopsies are more like regular surgery than needle biopsies:
- Incisional biopsy removes a small piece of tissue for examination.
- Excisional biopsy attempts to remove the entire suspicious lump of tissue from the breast.
Treatment for IDC
The treatments for invasive ductal carcinoma fall into two broad categories: Local Treatments for IDC: Surgery and Radiation Therapy – Local treatments treat the tumor and the surrounding areas, such as the chest and lymph nodes. Systemic Treatments for IDC: Chemotherapy, Hormonal Therapy, Targeted Therapies – Systemic treatments travel throughout the body to destroy any cancer cells that may have left the original tumor and to help reduce the risk of the cancer coming back. Natural Cure for IDC Due to reported cases of complications from cancer patients as a result of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and co as far as the negative side effect of the treatment is concerned on their general health; there is need for a more less risky and curative treatment for cancer. That is why we developed the Breast Cancer Remedy Kit which has helped a lot of cancer patients regained their health. This treatment does not manage cancer, it cures it. Click Breast Cancer Remedy Kit to read more about it. Lest I forget, I received another good news from one of our Fibroid patients yesterday. With just less that 2 months treatment, she has totally gotten rid of fibroid measuring (93mm x 74mm) with our Fibroid Remedy Kit. I know it will take more than this for some people to believe the story, that’s why I am going to dedicate a full post to it where I will upload copies of her Scan result that confirmed fibroid in her uterus before she started using our Fibroid Remedy Kit and the other scan result she just had that confirmed that she has no fibroid any more. The good news is that she has not even finished her Kit. You should expect the post latest by Monday by God’s grace. If you enjoyed this article, do share it with others. Add your comments below.
Stay Healthy And Never Give Up!
Plan B Wellness Center
Tel – 08099666650
Email – firstname.lastname@example.org
Twitter – @planbwellness